, The city is home to several ancient religious sites including prominent Hindu temples, the Krishna Temple and Valmiki Mandir. University of the Punjab (2015), "B.A. Other well-known religious sites in the city are: There are many havelis inside the Walled City of Lahore, some in good condition while others need urgent attention. If the country is looking to improve health among its citizens and continue to grow their life expectancy rate, then the number of available doctors and nurses needs to continue to grow. The coolest month is January with dense fog.. Impressive declines in infant mortality … Singh also partially restored Shah Jahan's decaying Shalimar Gardens. Lahore eventually became capital of the Sikh Empire in the early 19th century, and regained some of its lost grandeur. Sterling Publishers Pvt. The backbone of its public transport network is the PMTA's Lahore Metrobus and soon to be Orange Line of the Lahore Metro train. Smaller foreign groups include those from Iraq, Bangladesh, Uzbekistan, Somalia, Burma, and Tajikistan. , In 1187, the Ghurids invaded Lahore, ending Ghaznavid rule over Lahore. Attention towards this anomaly is also drawn in the State Bank of Pakistan’s third quarterly report entitled “The State of Pakistan’s Economy — 2019-2020”. Now peace has returned", "Lahore attack: Pakistan PM Sharif demands swift action on terror", "Rising Lahore and reviving Pakistan – The Express Tribune", "How old is Lahore? The Blue Line is a proposed 24 kilometres (15 mi) line from Chauburji to College Road, Township. The population is predicted to near 210 million by 2020 and get to 245 million by 2030. By the end of the Sikh rule, most of Lahore's massive haveli compounds had been occupied by settlers. , In 1266, Sultan Balban reconquered Lahore, but in 1287 under the Mongol ruler Temür Khan, the Mongols again overran northern Punjab. 27 Aug 2020 // Airline Analysis // 1 Comment » Virgin Atlantic to begin Islamabad and Lahore from big gap left by PIA.  The city has always been a centre for publications where 80% of Pakistan's books are published, and it remains the foremost centre of literary, educational and cultural activity in Pakistan..  Among the most popular sights are the Lahore Fort, adjacent to the Walled City, and home to the Sheesh Mahal, the Alamgiri Gate, the Naulakha pavilion, and the Moti Masjid. The gardens featured over 600 species of plants, and were tended to by a horticulturist sent from London's Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew.  The Iranian Polymath and Geographer, Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni, referred to the city as Luhāwar in his 11th century work, Qanun, while the poet Amir Khusrow, who lived during the Delhi Sultanate, recorded the city's name as Lāhanūr. Lahore's main public transportation system is operated by the Lahore Transport Company (LTC) and Punjab Mass Transit Authority (PMTA). The general population was against the measures. Since the year 1947, when the country became a sovereign state, the population of Pakistan has increased significantly, particularly because more and more people felt comfortable moving their families and businesses to the area.  The Sikh state also demolished a number of shrines and monuments laying outside the city's walls. Sher Shah Suri continued to rise in power, and seized Lahore in 1540, though Humayun reconquered Lahore in February 1555.  Following the Third Battle of Panipat, Ahmad Shah Durrani crushed the Marathas and recaptured Lahore, Sikh forces quickly occupied the city after the Durranis withdrew from the city. The ban was lifted for two days in 2007, then immediately reimposed when 11 people were killed by celebratory gunfire, sharp kite-strings, electrocution, and falls related to the competition.  On 26 February 2011, Lahore recorded -2.7C (27.14F) and received slight snowfall in central parts of the city. , The threat of Mongol invasions and political instability in Lahore caused future Sultans to regard Delhi as a safer capital for medieval Islamic India, though Delhi had before been considered a forward base, while Lahore had been widely considered to be the centre of Islamic culture in the subcontinent. Some of the havelis inside the Walled City include: Lahore is known as Pakistan's educational capital, with more colleges and universities than any other city in Pakistan.  Some 42% of its work force is employed in finance, banking, real estate, community, cultural, and social services.  Lahore's GDP is projected to be $102 billion by the year 2025, with a slightly higher growth rate of 5.6% per annum, as compared to Karachi's 5.5%.  British authorities built several important structures around the time of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 in the distinct Indo-Saracenic style. World Population. The city's record high temperature was 52.8C (127.1F), recorded on 5 June 2003. In 1981 its population was reported above 400,000. He renovated large portions of the Lahore Fort with luxurious white marble and erected the iconic Naulakha Pavilion in 1633. LTC and PMTA also operates an extensive network of buses, providing bus service to many parts of the city and acting as a feeder system for the Metrobus. True to his word, the first Mass was celebrated in the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart on the Solemnity of the Assumption. The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh, also located near the Walled City, houses the funerary urns of the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh.  After capturing the Lahore, Sikh soldiers immediately began plundering Muslim areas of the city until their actions were reined in by Ranjit Singh.. Delhi’s population for 2020 is 28.5 million. Lying between 31°15′—31°45′ N and 74°01′—74°39′ E, Lahore is bounded on the north and west by the Sheikhupura District, on the east by Wagah, and on the south by Kasur District.  Lahore was sacked and ruined by the Mongol army in 1241.  He established a mint in the city in 1800, and moved into the Mughal palace at the Lahore Fort after repurposing it for his own use in governing the Sikh Empire. CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive rolled out the first of 27 trains for the metro on 16 May 2017. , There is a small number of Hindus living in Lahore. , Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, captured Lahore in 1524 after being invited to invade by Daulat Khan Lodi, the Lodi governor of Lahore. The Orange Line metro spans 27.1 km around the city, and operates at a speed of 80 km/h (50 mph). , This article is about the city. As of 2002, men were expected to live around 63.7 years, while women were expected to live 63.4 years. As an early-harvest project under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), the Orange Line will further … , Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni captured Lahore on an uncertain date, but under Ghaznavid rule, Lahore emerged effectively as the empire's second capital. It was completed in 1959 and later in the 1990s, renovations were carried out by Pakistani architect Nayyar Ali Dada. The five rivers are the Indus, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Sutlej. , Lahore remains a major tourist destination in Pakistan.  Sher Singh raised an army that attacked Chand Kaur's forces in Lahore on 14 January 1841. The Lahore Expo Centre is one of the biggest projects in the history of the city and was inaugurated on 22 May 2010. Lahore's origins reach into antiquity. Email. Your favourite local restaurants may not survive the Covid pandemic ... Hindus, Sikhs and Christians constituted about 50% Lahore population in pre-partition …  The British instead laid out their capital city in an area south of the Walled City that would first come to be known as "Donald's Town" before being renamed "Civil Station. , Lawrence Gardens were also laid near Civil Station, and were paid for by donations solicited from both Lahore's European community, as well as from wealthy locals. The following international cities have been declared twin towns and sister cities of Lahore. Some of the remaining gates include the Raushnai Gate, Masti Gate, Yakki Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Khizri Gate, Shah Burj Gate, Akbari Gate and Lahori Gate. Lahore exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan. Nov 23, 2020 06:42am @Vivek Lahore, Wrong, your question should be “ what’s happening with humanity” too many sickos in the world and is not tied to anyone country. , The 1941 census showed that city of Lahore had a population of 671,659, of which was 64.5% Muslim, with the remainder 35% being Hindu and Sikh, alongside a small Christian community.  The weakened city then fell into obscurity, and was captured once more by the Khokhars in 1394. Second is the language Saraiki, which is spoken by 10 percent of the population; and coming in third is the language Pashto, spoken by 15 percent of the population. The city is also a major centre of education in Pakistan, with some of Pakistan's leading universities based in the city. The improvement was a direct result of improved medical facilities and better educated health professionals available in the country.  Most of the reputable universities are public, but in recent years there has also been an upsurge in the number of private universities. The results of the 2017 Census determined the population to be at 11,126,285, with an annual growth rate of 4.07% since the Punjab.  The Mongols again attacked Lahore in 1305. The third largest is Faisalabad, with a population of 3,204,726.  Under the rule of Kabir Khan Ayaz, Lahore was virtually independent from the Delhi Sultanate. Lahore has grown by 454,227 since 2015, which represents a 3.73% annual change. Urdu and English are used as official languages and as mediums of instruction and media administration. Lahore (/ləˈhɔːr/; Punjabi: لہور; Urdu: لاہور; pronounced [lɑːˈɦɔːr] (listen)) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the country's 2nd largest city after Karachi, as well as the 26th largest city in the world. ", "Richest cities in the world in 2020 by GDP", "Defence Raya Golf Resort, Lahore – By D.H.A Lahore", "Metro Bus Lahore Pakistan -Rapid Bus Transport", "Good news on track: Lahore to get Pakistan's first metro train", "Development agenda: Lahore metro train gets green signal – The Express Tribune", "First Orange Line Metro train rolls out – The Express Tribune", "Orange Line Metro train runs on trial basis in Lahore", "Punjab CM inaugurates Lahore's much-delayed Orange Line Metro Train", "Urban (LOV) Wagon / Mini Bus - Routes & Fares | Lahore Transport Company", "History of Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore", "China Southern adds Guangzhou – Lahore route from Aug 2018", "China Southern adds plans Lahore launch from late-June 2018", "PIA advertisement promoting Barcelona resumption", "Pakistan International W16 International route additions", "Uzbek Airways resumes flight from Tashkent to Lahore", "Devotees throng Lahore shrine for Mian Mir Sahab's Urs | SAMAA", "11 Dead at Pakistani Kite Festival, Metal Kite Strings, Stray Celebratory Gunfire Claim Lives at Annual Event, More Than 100 Injured", "In pictures: Christmas celebrations across Pakistan", "Christmas festivities all set to begin in Lahore", "Ten-fold increase in foreign tourists for Lahore Walled City", "Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan – A Guide For Travelers – The Tourist", "No committee to develop ties with Lahore's twins", "Lahore and Chicago declared sister cities", "Commemorating Sept 1965: Nation celebrates Defence Day with fervour", "Defence Day celebrated with renewed pledges", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lahore&oldid=1000734114, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi (Western)-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Articles with failed verification from January 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lahore–Sharaqpur Road (Sagianwala Bypass Road), Tollinton Market-Lahore City Heritage Museum, Haveli Sir Wajid Ali Shah (near Nisar Haveli), Mubarak Haveli – Chowk Nawab Sahib, Mochi/Akbari Gate, Mughal Haveli (residence of Maharaja Ranjeet Singh), Garrison College for Boys, established in 2014, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 12:55.  Every year on Defence Day (6 September), this flag is hoisted in these cities in recognition of the will, courage and perseverance of their people.  Each town in turn consists of a group of union councils, which total to 274. India's population growth rate has been more than twice that of China's.  The Mughal Wazīr Ghazi Din Imad al-Mulk would seize Lahore in 1756, provoking Ahmad Shah Durrani to again invade in 1757, after which he placed the city under the rule of his son, Timur Shah Durrani. The city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. (2007). Abhinav Publications.  Ranjit Singh's army also desecrated the Badshahi Mosque by converting it into an ammunition depot and a stable for horses.  The earliest of Lahore's many havelis date from the Akbari era. Though Khan was able to win back control after the Persian armies had left, Nader Shah's invasion shifted trade routes away from Lahore, and south towards Kandahar instead. Instability resulting from this arrangement allowed nearby Amritsar to establish itself as the area's primary commercial centre in place of Lahore. The average life expectancy stand at less than 60 years of age. The Circular Garden, which surrounds on the Walled City on three sides, was established by 1892. Motorcycle rides are also available in the city which have been introduced by private companies.
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